first_img Explore further PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Spatial configuration can spark deja vu, psychology study reveals This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Play Video: Scientific Reports 2, Article number: 459 doi:10.1038/srep00459 The researchers who developed the system along with Suzuki are with the RIKEN Brain Science Institute’s Laboratory for Adaptive Intelligence. They are Sohei Wakisaka and Naotaka Fujii. The Brain Science Institute was established in 1997 as part of RIKEN, which is an independent research institution supported by the Japanese government.Of what use is the SR system and their research? The system is explained as of use to study cognitive dysfunction in psychiatric patients. People without such disorders can distinguish between real and imagined events using unconscious processes, but the processes break down in some psychiatric conditions. Schizophrenics may hear voices and see what is not there; some delusional patients suffer from perpetual false memories.In wearing an “Inception” helmet, reality is manipulated to simulate experiences, and could be used to study cognitive dysfunction in psychiatric disorders.”SR provides a unique opportunity to model these experiences in healthy subjects, which could be useful for investigating the cognitive mechanisms underlying hallucinations and delusions,” said Suzuki. The system may also offer an affordable way for scientists to explore these disorders. Citation: ‘Substitutional reality’ system plays head games to explore delusions (w/ Video) (2012, August 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-08-substitutional-reality-games-explore-delusions.html (Phys.org)—Take a commercially available panoramic video camera used for recording, add a computer for storing recorded footage, and a head-mounted visual display that can switch seamlessly between the footage and a live feed captured by a camera and attached microphone. The result of all this is what Japanese researchers are using in their explorations of “substitutional reality,” or SR. This is a purposeful new direction from virtual reality. The SR system delivers a “conviction” of being in the real world, which is absent in VR technologies.center_img The researchers discuss their work, tests, and implications in a paper titled “Substitutional Reality System: A Novel Experimental Platform for Experiencing Alternative Reality,” published by Scientific Reports.Keisuke Suzuki, who is at the Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science at the University of Sussex and lead author, said that he and his research team from RIKEN in Japan came up with their SR system in order to explore cognitive mechanisms underlying people’s convictions about reality. How can you trust what you perceive is real? The answer can be in an experimental platform that presents scenes that participants believe are completely real, but are really the result of content that is manipulated. A video shows how the researchers had their helmeted study participant looking at live scenes switched to past recorded scenes, presented alternately. The SR system was essentially manipulating the person’s sense of reality by showing live scenes and recorded scenes (edited in advance) with the goal being to witness if, and to what extent, a participant fails to recognize there is a reality gap. Most of the subjects failed to distinguish between the live and recorded scenes in the experiment. “Seven of 10 participants could not detect that the given scene was recorded…The participant was not certain whether he was experiencing live or recorded scenes.” Journal information: Scientific Reports Substitutional Reality System. In the recording module (left), the panoramic view was recorded in advance by a panoramic camera, and stored in the data storage connected to the control computer. In the experience module (right), either a live scene captured by a head-mounted camera or recorded scenes cropped from a pre-recorded movie were shown on a head-mounted display (HMD). The cropped area presented in the recorded scenes was determined in real-time using head orientation information calculated from the HMD orientation sensor. Scene examples are shown here. In the recorded scene a person with a lab coat waved his hand, who was not present in the live scene. A participant believed the person with the lab coat was physically present there, when the covert switch from the live to the recorded scene was successfully performed. Image (c) Scientific Reports 2, Article number: 459 doi:10.1038/srep00459 More information: Substitutional Reality System: A Novel Experimental Platform for Experiencing Alternative Reality, Scientific Reports 2, Article number: 459 doi:10.1038/srep00459AbstractWe have developed a novel experimental platform, referred to as a substitutional reality (SR) system, for studying the conviction of the perception of live reality and related metacognitive functions. The SR system was designed to manipulate people’s reality by allowing them to experience live scenes (in which they were physically present) and recorded scenes (which were recorded and edited in advance) in an alternating manner without noticing a reality gap. All of the naïve participants (n = 21) successfully believed that they had experienced live scenes when recorded scenes had been presented. Additional psychophysical experiments suggest the depth of visual objects does not affect the perceptual discriminability between scenes, and the scene switch during head movement enhance substitutional performance. The SR system, with its reality manipulation, is a novel and affordable method for studying metacognitive functions and psychiatric disorders. © 2012 Phys.orglast_img read more


first_imgOn an RFIC, a typical spiral inductor takes up an area of about 400 x 400 μm2. In the new study, the researchers used their new method to design a spiral inductor with an area of 45 x 16 μm2, which is about 0.45% of the conventional one. Plus, the new inductor has a Q factor (a measure of efficiency) of 21, compared with 6 for conventional inductors (excluding the thick metal type), and is significantly better at confining its magnetic field, resulting in fewer losses.The method the researchers used involves depositing a patterned-metal thin-film layer on a strained silicon nitride nanomembrane. Each metal strip along the rolling direction serves as an inductor cell, and all the cells are connected by metal connection lines. (Phys.org)—With downscaling as one of the main pursuits in electronics research today, scientists and engineers are developing a variety of miniaturization strategies, from those involving powerful microscopes to self-assembly methods. In a new study, a team of engineers has developed a way to miniaturize spiral inductors that are often used in radio frequency integrated circuits (RFICs) by patterning inductor cells onto a flat, strained nanomembrane that rolls itself up into a tube. In the proposed design, miniature inductors could be less than 1% of the size of conventional inductors while offering an improved performance. The engineers, led by Xiuling Li, Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Illinois in Urbana, Illinois, have published their paper on a design and prototype of self-rolled inductors in a recent issue of Nano Letters.”Self-rolled-up nanotechnology is a platform my research group has been working on for several years,” Li told Phys.org. “We have made significant progress in several aspects of the rolling-up process control and mechanism understanding, and have been looking for killer applications. I think we might have just found one. Preliminary experimental results are consistent with the simulations.”Inductors, which are devices that store energy in their magnetic fields, are commonly used in RFICs. As Li explained, RFICs are used for both wireless and wired communication applications, from portable consumer electronics to battleground surveillance. While other components of RFICs have been steadily shrinking, inductors have not been able to scale down without suffering performance losses.”Shrinking the size without compromising or even enhancing the performance is always desired,” Li said. “Compared to the aggressive scaling of active devices (transistors), inductors have simply not been able to keep up with the pace.” These are experimental images of a self-rolled inductor, printed on a very thin film of silicon nitrate. Credit: Xiuling Li In the future, the researchers plan to build upon the prototype presented here and demonstrate more ideal structures experimentally. They also hope to apply the rolling technique to not just inductors, but also tube-based capacitors, resistors, filters, and transformers. All these components could then be integrated together for a “super miniaturized” RFIC platform. More information: Wen Huang, et al. “On-Chip Inductors with Self-Rolled-Up SiNx Nanomembrane Tubes: A Novel Design Platform for Extreme Miniaturization.” Nano Letters. DOI: 10.1021/nl303395d These are experimental images of a self-rolled inductor, printed on a very thin film of silicon nitrate. Credit: Xiuling LI (a) A pattern of conduction strips on a 2D nanomembrane, with arrows indicating the direction of current flow. (b) A nanomembrane rolls up due to stress release. Image credit: Wen Huang, et al. ©2012 American Chemical Society Copyright 2012 Phys.org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Phys.org. Explore further Scientists have designed a 3D inductor that rolls up from a 2D nanomembrane. The inductor offers a better performance and smaller footprint than conventional inductors. Image credit: Wen Huang, et al. ©2012 American Chemical Society TDK intros ultra high-Q multilayer inductors Once these strained nanomembranes are released from their substrates, the energy relaxation of their initial strain causes them to roll spontaneously. Momentum generated by the relaxation causes the planar membrane to scroll up from one or both ends, and then continue to roll into a tube. By carefully designing the amount of stress in the membrane along with other factors, the engineers can control the ultimate rolled-up size of the final tube. One of these rolled-up tubes acts as a spiral inductor, having a miniaturized area as noted above. Multiple inductors can then be transfer-printed and arranged at will on wafers with predesigned RFICs.While there has traditionally been a trade-off between inductor size and performance, Li explained that the researchers could improve both aspects by using a 3D architecture fabricated through 2D processing. “In conventional planar spiral designs, increasing the number of turns increases the inductance; however, more turns in plane means a larger footprint is required, which lead to more parasitic capacitance with the substrate, lowering the self-resonant frequency,” she said. “Therefore, inductors need to go 3D. For the 3D spiral inductor design we proposed, the inductance can be readily increased without causing too much parasitic effect. As a result, the rolled-up 3D design not only reduces the footprint, but is also suitable for higher frequency applications at a much smaller area budget.”Processing difficulties and associated cost are some of the main challenges for past 3D designs. The platform we are proposing uses a unique fabrication method where 3D architectures are fabricated through 2D planar processing. The structure only becomes 3D spontaneously when it is released from its mechanical support. No processing on curved or suspended surfaces is involved.” Journal information: Nano Letters Citation: Self-rolled tubes make miniature electronics (2012, December 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-12-self-rolled-tubes-miniature-electronics.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more


first_imgStructure of the neuron transistor, which contains a 2D flake of MoS2. Credit: S. G. Hu et al. ©2017 IOP Publishing (Phys.org)—Researchers have built a new type of “neuron transistor”—a transistor that behaves like a neuron in a living brain. These devices could form the building blocks of neuromorphic hardware that may offer unprecedented computational capabilities, such as learning and adaptation. Explore further Journal information: Nanotechnology More information: S. G. Hu et al. “A MoS2-based coplanar neuron transistor for logic applications.” Nanotechnology. DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/aa6b47 © 2017 Phys.orgcenter_img The researchers, S. G. Hu and coauthors at the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, have published a paper on the neuron transistor in a recent issue of Nanotechnology.In order for a transistor to behave like a biological neuron, it must be capable of implementing neuron-like functions—in particular, weighted summation and threshold functions. These refer to a biological neuron’s ability to receive weighted input signals from many other neurons, and then to sum the input values and compare them to a threshold value to determine whether or not to fire. The human brain has tens of billions of neurons, and they are constantly performing weighted summation and threshold functions many times per second that together control all of our thoughts and actions.In the new study, the researchers constructed a neuron transistor that acts like a single neuron, capable of weighted summation and threshold functions. Instead of being made of silicon like conventional transistors, the neuron transistor is made of a two-dimensional flake of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), which belongs to a new class of semiconductor called transition metal dichalcogenides. To demonstrate the neuron transistor’s neuron-like behavior, the researchers showed that it can be controlled by either one gate or two gates simultaneously. In the latter case, the neuron transistor implements a summation function. To demonstrate, the researchers showed that the neuron transistor can perform a counting task analogous to moving the beads in a two-bead abacus, along with other logic functions.One of the advantages of the neuron transistor is its operating speed. Although other neuron transistors have already been built, they typically operate at frequencies of less than or equal to 0.05 Hz, which is much lower than the average firing rate of biological neurons of about 5 Hz. The new neuron transistor works in a wide frequency range of 0.01 to 15 Hz, which the researchers expect will offer advantages for developing neuromorphic hardware.In the future, the researchers hope to add more control gates to the neuron transistor, creating a more realistic model of a biological neuron with its many inputs. In addition, the researchers hope to integrate neuron transistors with memristors (which are considered to be the most suitable device for implementing synapses) to construct neuromorphic systems that can work in a similar way to the brain. A turbo engine for tracing neurons Citation: Neuron transistor behaves like a brain neuron (2017, June 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-06-neuron-transistor-brain.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more


first_imgThe performers for this stand-up comedy show include Abijit Ganguly and Utsav Chakraborty.Ganguly is a Bengali boy, born in Bangalore, raised in Delhi, amidst the deeply-influencing Punjabi culture, dating a Gujarati girl who lives in UP. Basically, he’s Mr. India. Not as in capable of turning invisible or anything…But you know what we mean. He is popularly referred to the best looking Bengali man after Bappi Lahiri. Three years on and he`s been killing it telling his tales of marriageable age, alchoholism, racism, superheroes, beggars, dating a Gujarati girl, weight issues, media…and more. On special request, he does a lot of sex comedy (which is kind of ironical). Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Chakraborty is a paradox. He is either the worst thing you`ve ever seen or the awfullest thing you`ve ever seen. There is no middle ground. Does he just do impressions? Is he an observational comedian? Is he a rant comedian? Is he a political comedian? Is he even a comedian? Is he even a person?You think you know who Utsav Chakraborty is? Even Utsav Chakraborty doesn`t know who Utsav Chakraborty is! (Apart from being the person currently responsible for 80 percent of Delhi’s weed consumption, which explains this vague write-up) So there. Who said Bengali’s don’t know how to laugh at themselves? Head over and find out!WHEN: 14 March, 8 pmWHERE: Askhara Theatre, Baba Kharak Singh Marglast_img

first_imgCentral Park, right at the heart of the Capital, witnessed a poetic Sunday evening. Sanskar Bharti, an organisation that works to promote Indian art and culture, organised the event titled Sharad Kavyostav. The event was graced by the presence – Indresh Kumar, Meenakshi Lekhi , Prabhat Jha, RK Sinha, Padma Bhushan Gopaldas Neeraj  and  many  other distinguished poets. Padm Bhushan  Gopaldas Neeraj touched every segment of society by his doha. Surendra Sharma created a humorous atmosphere with his energetic poems.  Sita Sagar, Rajesh Chetan, Vishnu Saxena, Charanjit Charan and Balkrishna presentations were all based on nationalism.Sanskar Bharati that has been working since 1982 aims to promote India arts and culture across the world. More than 1,500 units of the organization are working across the country.last_img read more


first_imgKolkata: SSKM Hospital has successfully performed kidney transplants on two male patients in the hospital on Wednesday night.According to the hospital sources, two kidneys which were extracted from a female patient declared brain dead by the state health department in a private hospital off EM Bypass, have been transplanted in two patients of SSKM Hospital.The SSKM Hospital authorities have not yet divulged the identity of the patients. They said the two patients who have received the kidneys are 22 and 54 years old respectively. They have been under constant monitoring. The liver of the donor could not be retrieved due to the non-availability of suitable recipients.According to SSKM sources, two corneas which were extracted from the donor have been given to a private eye hospital group. A 63-year-old female patient, Sucheta Sarkar was admitted to a private hospital at Mukundupur on April 1 with a Spontaneous Intracerebral and intraventricular hemorrhage. She was under conservative management and she was showing signs of brainstem death. On April 4, a team of Neurologists, Intensivists and Anaesthetists from the private hospital examined the patient under the supervision of an observer from the Department of Health at Swasthya Bhawan. After a thorough examination, they declared the patient brain-stem dead. After deliberation, the patient’s family members consented to donate her organs for life-saving transplants. The Additional Director of Health Services and Nodal Officer for Organ Transplant Govt of West Bengal coordinated the entire process of declaration of brain death and carried out counselling of relatives of the patient. They also conducted the appropriate procedure needed for donating organs to different recipients as per the waiting lists. The organs were retrieved in the private hospital at around 11 pm on Wednesday and transported to SSKM immediately for transplant.In this particular case, both kidneys were dedicated to IPGMER/SSKM Hospital. The liver could not be retrieved due to non-availability of recipients. The heart was found to be clinically unfit for transplantation.last_img read more


first_imgKolkata: Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO) will replace the bamboo railings in phases to ensure accident free travelling in New Town.The decision was taken following a discussion between the police and HIDCO authorities, where the former requested to replace the bamboo railings with steel ones, as some pedestrians have a tendency to cross streets by breaking the fencing. Such incidents increase the chance of road accidents.Accordingly, HIDCO officials got in touch with the Kolkata Architecture Foundation (KAF) to make the design of the railings, keeping in mind the beauty and aesthetics of New Town. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsA preliminary design made by KAF has been put up at the roundabout of Eco Space/Gitanjali Park of TCS. The design will be further improved and then will be given a coat of paint. The steel railings will be then put up in areas following discussion with the police.It may be mentioned that New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA) has already taken steps to ensure uninterrupted flow of traffic on Biswa Bangla Sarani, by initiating drives against stray cattle. A shelter has been set up where the stray animal will be kept and modalities are being prepared about their maintenance.Also, four underpasses are being constructed at the 3rd rotary, considered to be the busiest crossing in New Town, for smooth flow of traffic and safety of the pedestrians on Biswa Bangla Sarani.last_img read more


first_imgLegends of India in collaboration with Sangeet Natak Akademi presented a rendition by Dr Nagraj Rao Havaldar last weekend. He is one of the most renowned exponents of Hindustani classical music. He sang a range of soulful songs and concluded the melodious evening with a Raag Durga Composition ‘Man Mohan Murli Wala’ and ‘Jo Bhaje Hari Ko Sada.’ As part of the rehabilitation of inmates of Asia’s largest prison complex, a unique initiative by ‘Legends of India,’ the event was based on music when it celebrated its fifth edition at Tihar Jail. The  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’performance included bhajan based on ragas.On the occasion he said “An important aspect of music is that it is able to convey emotion and feeling. Music is not grammar. Where speech ends, music begins. Music has tremendous power.” In the audience, many swayed their heads and tapped their feet while some sat still — heads bowed and eyes shut — in deep thought. This performance provided a sense of solace and enabled them to relax and enjoy the music. The instruments play an important role in classical music. In the rendition, flute was played by Ronu Majumdar, sitar and cello by Shubhendra and Saskia Rao.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe consistent effort is to elevate the minds and soothe the spirits of the inmates, some of whom are hardened criminals, and bringing about their inner transformation. Dipayan Mazumdar, Chairman of Legends of India, on this occasion said that “taking initiatives is not difficult but implementing ideas for taking those initiatives on a high elevation takes a lot of hard work. Also, we would try to arrange music professionals for the ones who are interested in learning music.” Earlier, Legends of India had organised Visual art classes for Tihar inmates where visual artists voluntarily participated to reform through art. The third edition of Visual Arts Classes was held on August 19 led by visual artists Suvidha Mistry and Diti Mistry. These paintings, by some of the inmates, were not only very good but expressed their emotions and ideas.last_img read more


first_imgKolkata: State Health department has prepared a district-wise joint action plan to check vector-borne diseases and stressed the importance of better surveillance and supervision in the districts.State Health department has instructed district administrative officials to put in place district-level monitoring teams to conduct better surveillance through mobilisation of designated officers who will carry out a detailed survey and submit the report on a daily basis to the district monitoring committee. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe district-wise joint action plan will help the department to strengthen the surveillance process and help the health workers to carry out a drive against the vector-borne diseases in a better way, believe the senior health officials. Due to incessant rainfall, the number of cases related to vector-borne diseases like Dengue, Malaria, Chikungunya has gone up in the state and if people are not aware of how to check the diseases, then it may go up further. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), changes in agricultural practices due to variation in temperature and rainfall can affect the transmission of vector-borne diseases. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt may be mentioned that various posts like sanitary inspector, supervisor have already been created in the districts.Teams have also been constituted which will visit houses and record the daily activities and mention their findings before finally submitting them to the supervisors.The Health department has made it mandatory for the teams visiting houses to fill up five different forms. They will also have to make a list of places where Aedes larva is found and then hand over the list to the vector control team in the district. The vector control team will examine the list and hand over to the sanitary inspector.The state-level monitoring committee will chalk out plans on how to check the spread of the diseases after considering the problems of a particular area. The committee will also guide the health workers and formulate resource mobilisation.The vector control team will also fill up a feedback form and submit it to the district magistrate and the chief medical officers of health in the districts. The chief medical officers in the districts will also prepare a surveillance report on a daily basis and submit it to the state Health department.According to a senior Health department official, stress has been given on to identify the fever clusters and develop an integrated action plan which will study and monitor individual cases.The hospitals have been identified in each district where blood samples would be tested. The official also said all the arrangements are there in the hospitals for diagnostic management.WHO says vector-borne diseases account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases, causing more than 7,00,000 deaths across the globe annually.Around 3.9 billion people in over 128 countries are at risk of contracting dengue, with 96 million cases estimated per year. Malaria causes more than 4,00,000 deaths every year globally, most of them children under 5 years of age.last_img read more


first_imgKolkata: Bidhannagar South police station has arrested a person for allegedly issuing a fake appointment letter to a job seeker against Rs 3 lakh. The accused Gobinda Ghosh was produced before the Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate’s (ACJM) Court on Tuesday and remanded to 3 days police custody. According to police, Jhilik Nayak, a resident of Daspur in West Midnapore, went to West Bengal Health Recruitment Board (WBHRB) on Monday along with one Debi Prasad Mishra, with an appointment letter in the name of Nayak for a Group D post, which was issued by the Director of Health Service (DHS). Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeNayak claimed that she had gone there to verify her appointment letter. Seeing the letter, Saibal Chakraborty, Secretary & Controller of Examinations of WBHRB got surprised as he had no intimation of such a vacancy. He immediately enquired and found the appointment letter to be fake. Nayak and Mishra were detained and questioned. Later, it was revealed that Mishra, who is an ECG technician of Taldyangra Rural Hospital in Bankura, had come there with Nayak but did not revealed his identity. Nayak informed that Ghosh, who is a resident of Ghola area in Sodepur took Rs 3 lakh from her, promising a job. She also stated that Ghosh went with her but was waiting outside. Immediately, officials and staff from WBHRB detained Ghosh.last_img read more


first_imgAlthough I have lived in Delhi for 10-12 years now and have numerous Punjabi friends who have always recommended me to try one or the other restaurant for their Punjabi food, but never have I ever had that desi pind da swaad in any of them. This was until I went to The Leela Ambience Convention Hotel for their Amritsari food festival. From the starters to the main course, every dish has its own distinct flavour and when you have Punjabi food around you, lassi is sure to catch up. Topped with some bits of barfi and served in a mitti ka kulhad, the lassi at Dilli 32 is out of this world. But if you wish to have some refreshing summer drinks, then, without going into the details, go for Tar-booze gingerwale (fresh watermelon juice, ginger juice) and Diwan-e-Khas – with an option to add alcohol. These three drinks are undoubtedly the most refreshing, sweet and juiciest of the lot. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfComing to the food, I might not have had the authentic, home-cooked Punjabi food, but after watching movies and listening to my friends, I know one thing, they love to use desi ghee in every dish and Chef Ashwini Kumar knows this too well. He has not missed a single opportunity to use desi ghee or butter in his tadka – from their naan to baingan bharta (chargrilled aubergine tossed with garlic and butter), sarson da saag (mustard leaf tempered with garlic and maize flour), langar di daal fry (mixed lentil tempered with onion, garlic and butter), to rice – almost everything has that mild salty essence which simply tastes delicious. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWhat really caught my attention was their in-house chicken and mutton curries. Couple them with a kulcha or naan and you can keep on eating them till your stomach hurts. With medium-sized pieces, both the curries were perfectly cooked and had that touch of desi-ness in them. Apart from the curries, Chef Ashwini surprised with his nutri masala taka tin (soya nuggets and spinach with onion gravy) – this particular dish is for those people who would like to taste a non-vegetarian item but can’t. In one bite, you just can’t figure that it is made out of soya.The Amritsari journey ended the way it had started – delicious and refreshing. The gur (jaggery) ka halwa and phirni were well-cooked, light and sweet but had nothing extrordinary to offer.last_img read more


first_imgKolkata: In order to protect the environment, Eastern Railway has taken various initiatives throughout the year during 2018-2019, including afforestation and rain water harvesting among others.Also, stress has been given to introduce bio-toilets, adaptation of renewable energy, energy conservation and environmental sustainability, through reduction in carbon footprint. Solar power plants have been installed at Kolkata Terminal Station with a capacity of 500 KWp and a similar installation with a capacity of 1,350 KWp has been put up at Howrah Station. At Narkeldanga RPF Barrack and at Liluah workshop, large rooftop solar power installation has been completed during the year, with grid connectivity. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAfforestation including creation of mini forest, green parks and green zone has taken place in all 4 divisions of Eastern Railway, during the year. As many as 4,99,608 trees have been planted all over Eastern Railway’s jurisdiction in 2018-2019. In Asansol division, Shatabdi Park has been developed with waterbodies and plantation of 1,000 trees covering 14,000 sq. mtrs of green area. Another 10 parks have been renovated in various railway colonies in Asansol and Andal areas. Mini forests have been developed in vacant and encroachment-prone lands in Asansol division. In Liluah workshop, green zones have been developed on scrap yards with cultivation of organic fruits and vegetables, including a bio-gas plant. Rain Water Harvesting is a priority in the green initiative of Eastern Railway and in 12 locations, water harvesting facilities have been introduced during 2018-2019, including RPF barracks at Sealdah and Katwa, Madhupur, Jasidih, Durgapur, Ranigunge and Bandel station buildings. In 2018-2019, 5,382 bio-toilets have been fitted in passenger coaches, which cover 90% of Eastern Railway coaches having provision of toilets and progressively, bio-toilets will be installed in all coaches within 2019. Provision of LED lights has been made at 573 stations under Eastern Railway, which has cut down heavily on electricity usage, resulting in annual savings to the tune of Rs 14.67 crore.last_img read more


first_imgPC Chandra Jewellers, one of the leading jewellery houses in Eastern India, distributed the mega prizes to the winners of Diamond Utsav 2019 at an award ceremony held in Kolkata.They provided their customers with attractive gifts on every purchase across 46 showrooms in West Bengal, Delhi, Noida, Mumbai, Ulsoor, Jamshedpur, Bhubaneswar, Agartala. The prize consisted of 5 Renault Kwid car, 33 Hero Splendor, and Bose speakers. The winners were chosen through a contest, for which the customers had to fill a contest form during the time of purchase. The lucky few amongst the many who participated in the contest was picked in the presence of the Directors of PC Chandra Jewellers and Tollywood actor Koushani Chatterjee. The evening was made even more memorable with the performance by the melodious singer Manomoy Bhattacharya. Speaking on the occasion, Uday Chandra, Managing Director, PC Chandra Jewellers said, ” More and more women are opting for diamond nowadays, we have a wide range of diamond jewellery from everyday diamonds to party diamonds and wedding diamonds as well. The Diamond Utsav have received an overwhelming response from our valued customers, so the prizes are a small way of giving back to our customers for the trust and faith they have in us.”last_img read more


first_imgCommon myths around sleep like snoring is harmless or having a drink helps fall asleep not only shape poor habits but may also pose a significant public health threat, say researchers. The claim by some people that they can get by on five hours of sleep was among the top myths researchers were able to dispel based on scientific evidence. This myth also poses the most serious risk to health from long-term sleep deficits, said the study published online in Sleep Health journal recently. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Sleep is a vital part of life that affects our productivity, mood, and general health and well-being,” said study lead investigator Rebecca Robbins at New York University Langone Health. “Dispelling myths about sleep promotes healthier sleep habits which, in turn, promote overall better health,” she added. To reach this conclusion, researchers reviewed more than 8,000 websites to identify the 20 most common assumptions about sleep. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWith a team of sleep medicine experts, they ranked them based on whether each could be dispelled as a myth or supported by scientific evidence, and on the harm that the myth could cause. Another common myth relates to snoring. While snoring can be harmless, it can also be a sign of sleep apnea, a potentially serious sleep disorder. The authors encourage patients not to dismiss loud snoring, but rather to see a doctor since this sleep behaviour may lead to heart stoppages or other illnesses. The study authors also found sufficient evidence that, despite beliefs to the contrary, drinking alcoholic beverages before bed is indeed unhealthy for sleep. “Sleep is important to health, and there needs to be greater effort to inform the public regarding this important public health issue,” noted study senior investigator Louis.last_img read more


first_imgCoca-Cola is probably the most recognizable drink in the world, with the curvy trademark bottles filled with the famous dark liquid daily reaching every corner of the planet. According to the company’s website, The Coca-Cola Company is the world’s largest beverage company with an operational reach of more than 200 countries and 1.9 billion servings of products each day. The soft drink gained in popularity over the years and has slowly become a global icon like no other. But despite its status and sustained success, the company spends millions and millions of dollars on advertising and innovations that have clearly helped significantly in establishing Coca-Cola as one of the most recognizable brands in the world. Additionally, thanks to the company’s Christmas advertising and its influence on the holiday season, Coca-Cola has become largely associated with Christmas. Over the decades, the company has produced some of the world’s most established Christmas print advertisements and TV commercials.The Coca-Cola Company is a clear example of unhindered globalism, employing over 100,000 people worldwide, and it is certainly among the most successful companies that have ever existed. However, the company’s origin story has a tragic aspect.The Coca-Cola Company corporate headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. Author: Autiger – CC BY-SA 3.0The famous drink was invented by John Pemberton, a pharmacist who fought in the Civil War as a soldier of the Confederate army. In April 1865, Pemberton fought in the Battle of Columbus, which is by many regarded as the last battle of the Civil War. He sustained a near-fatal saber wound to the chest and had to use morphine as a painkiller for an extensive period of time; he soon developed a crippling morphine addiction.Pemberton decided to use his pharmaceutical skills to develop a cure for his morphine addiction, so he started experimenting with various plants, including coca. In 1866, only a year after the Battle of Columbus, he started selling an alcoholic drink named “Pemberton’s French Wine Coca.” He produced the drink in his private pharmacy, Pemberton’s Eagle and Drug House.Portrait of John PembertonThe drink was advertised as a painkiller, an anti-depressant, and an aphrodisiac, and it soon gained considerable popularity.However, in 1886 Atlanta County enacted temperance legislation, which meant that the residents of the county were prohibited from producing, buying, or selling alcohol. This greatly affected Pemberton’s enterprise, and he was forced to turn his drink into a non-alcoholic beverage.An advertisement for Pemberton’s pharmacy.He registered the Coca-Cola Company and perfected his famous secret recipe with the help of his longtime friend Willis E. Venable. The two initially intended to advertise the drink as a medicine, but they accidentally blended the base syrup with carbonated water and decided to advertise the drink as a refreshing soda.Believed to be the first coupon ever, this ticket for a free glass of Coca-Cola was first distributed in 1888 to help promote the drink. By 1913, the company had redeemed 8.5 million ticketsAlthough Pemberton predicted that Coca-Cola would one day become a “national drink,” the beverage initially wasn’t very popular, and Pemberton started selling his rights to the recipe to his business partners in Atlanta. His major problem was that the drink didn’t cure his morphine addiction, and his health began to deteriorate pretty rapidly.An early advertisement of Coca-ColaMorphine was an expensive substance, and Pemberton spent vast amounts of money to satisfy his cravings. He died of stomach cancer in 1888, terminally ill and practically penniless.Read another story from us: The World of Coca-Cola: A museum dedicated entirely to the world’s most popular soft drinkStill, Pemberton intended to leave a considerable share of his company to his son, who was also named Charles Pemberton. Unfortunately for the future generations of the Pemberton family, Charles Pemberton the younger decided to sell his shares of the Coca-Cola Company, as he was a morphine addict himself. He died only six years after his father and never witnessed the immense popularity of Coca-Cola.last_img read more


first_imgThe life of Eva Peron (affectionately known as “Evita”), the glamorous and controversial former First Lady of Argentina, has been well-documented over the years — in articles, documentaries, a 1979 Tony Award-winning Broadway play, and a 1996 big-screen musical, starring another diva, Madonna. But the details of her demise — an early and tragic one, at age 33 — may be the most fascinating part of her story. It includes a top-secret lobotomy, which took place without her knowledge, as well as the disappearance of her corpse for 16 years.Eva Duarte in 1944 at age 25, photographed by Annemarie Heinrich.In 1950, at the height of her popularity and power, Eva was diagnosed with cervical cancer. (Perón’s first wife, Aurelia, also died of the disease, leading some to believe that Perón killed both wives, unknowingly, by passing on the human papillomavirus that led to their death.)The cancer spread quickly. In June of 1952, Eva accompanied her husband to his second inauguration as President of Argentina. Too weak to stand, and weighing a mere 78 pounds, the frail woman had to be propped up in a cage-like contraption.Nearly three million people attended Evita’s funeral in the streets of Buenos Aires.Just a few weeks later, Eva would be dead, but her demise may have been brought about not only by her battle with cancer, but by a secret lobotomy, ordered by her husband and carried out shortly before her death.A half-century later, Daniel Nijensohn, a neurosurgeon at Yale University Medical School, uncovered the truth after examining x-rays of Eva’s skull and talking to acquaintances of the surgeon who reportedly performed the operation, Dr. James L. Poppen, of the Lahey Clinic in Boston.Eva PerónThe controversial procedure, which involves drilling through the skull and severing the connection between the prefrontal lobes and the rest of the brain to numb emotional responses and “stabilize” the personality, was conducted out of concern and fear.On the one hand, the lobotomy may have been an extreme attempt by Perón to ease the pain his wife was suffering from metastatic cancer. (Though a lobotomy wouldn’t be able to wipe out the excruciating pain, it may have helped her endure it.)Evita and Juan Perón in 1947.But the mind-altering operation may have also been used to alter Eva’s behavior — in short, to shut her up. In the year before her death, Eva was becoming increasingly unhinged, perhaps due to anxiety resulting from her cancer diagnosis.Those who didn’t agree with her were deemed “insensitive and repugnant.” She urged her followers to ‘fight the oligarchy’. Even more troubling: Eva, without her husband’s knowledge, ordered thousands of pistols and machine guns, planning to arm workers of the trade unions to form a militia.Top 5 Female Spies of WW2Could Eva’s inflammatory statements have led to civil war? Juan Perón may have thought so, and with good reason. As First Lady of Argentina, Eva was more than fashionable arm candy. Perón may have been president and leader of the Peronist party, but his wife also possessed a great deal of power.Perón wearing a dress especially designed by Christian Dior.She ran the left wing of the party and her every word was followed by a large and passionate group of loyalists. With fractures appearing in the government during Perón’s second term, it’s not far-fetched to think that the political unrest could lead to a full-out revolution.For Perón, a lobotomy, first introduced in the late 1940s, may have been an answer. The operation was done a few weeks before Eva’s death — in secrecy and without Eva’s consent — in a make-shift operating room set up in the palace. Indeed, the lobotomy would silence Eva, though perhaps not in the way her husband intended. After the procedure she simply stopped eating and eventually died.Eva Perón addresses the Peronists on October 17, 1951. By this point she was too weak to stand without Juan Perón’s aid.Pedro Ara, embalmer extraordinaire, was brought in to preserve Eva’s body for public viewing. He did that — and more. The embalming process, which involved replacing her blood with glycerin, left Eva’s corpse, in Ara’s own words “completely and indefinitely incorruptible.”Evita’s elaborately adorned funeral.Eventually her body was to be placed at the base of an enormous monument. But before the tomb could be completed, Juan Perón was overthrown by a military coup in 1955, and he fled the country before he could secure Eva’s body.What happened to her remains for the next 15 years would become something of a mystery. Finally, in 1971, military informants revealed it was in a crypt in Milan, Italy, under the fake name Maria Maggi.A cast of the death mask of Eva Peron, aka Evita, at Buenos Aires. Photo by Tim Adams CC BY 2.0Perón had her body — none the worse for wear, save for a missing finger — removed and flown to his home in Spain. He and his third wife, Isabel, would keep her corpse in their dining room, on a platform near the table.Read another story from us: Hundreds of Nazi war criminals fled to Argentina in the aftermath of WWIIIn 1973, Perón came out of exile and returned to Argentina to serve as president once again. He died in 1974 and was succeeded by his wife Isabel, who had Eva’s body returned to her beloved homeland and placed in the La Recoleta Cemetery, burial place of many (formerly) rich and powerful Argentines. Etched in Latin, above marble columns gracing the entrance: the words “Rest in peace.” This time, for good. Eva’s tomb, it is said, is so secure that it could survive a nuclear attack.Barbara Stepko is a New Jersey-based freelance editor and writer who has contributed to AARP magazine and the Wall Street Journal.last_img read more


first_img3. Griff goes third deck at the Skydome. – 1996 2. Griffeys Jr. and Sr. go back to back – 1990 4. Jr. brings one back at old Tiger Stadium. – 1998 5. “The Kid” plates the winning run in Game 5 of the ALDS to beat the Yankees. -1995center_img A testament to Ken Griffey, Jr.’s greatness is that after amassing a career resume that includes 630 home runs, 13 All-Star games, a league MVP, and 10 gold gloves, the first thing that’s mentioned when discussing his career is what could have been.Ken Griffey, Jr. is arguably the most gifted natural baseball talent since Willie Mays. His swing was as sweet as it was lethal. In his prime, Griffey effortlessly patrolled center field at the Kingdome, robbing opposing hitters of sure home runs and extra base hits.Unfortunately, the back 9 of Griffey’s career was peppered with a series of nagging injuries that rendered his production inconsistent and took away his unique magic. He never approached Hank Aaron’s home run record, which looked like an inevitability at one point. Watching Griffey as he was reduced to a DH role later in his career because of injuries invoked a wistful sadness.As “The Natural” enters Cooperstown today – with his signature backwards cap  – and takes his place among the legends of the game, here are 5 highlights of Griff at his greatest.The Spiderman wall catch to rob Ruben Sierra – 1991 Advertisementlast_img read more


first_imgTop NFL draft prospects Christian McCaffrey and Leonard Fournette have announced they will skip their teams’ bowl games to avoid risking an injury, similar to that suffered by Notre Dame linebacker Jaylon Smith in last year’s Fiesta Bowl against Ohio State.Colin thinks that, other than a handful of games, the entire bowl season is a giant money grab for schools. He has no problem with a top prospect missing a second-tier bowl game to avoid the injury risk.“I have no problem with a running back skipping a bowl game when it’s a second-tier bowl game. Fournette and Christian McCaffery are not playing for the national championship. Bowl games are money grabs.” Guests:Chad Johnson – Former Bengals All-Pro wide receiver is in-studio to give his thoughts on the NFL penalizing excessive celebration, how the league has changed for receivers since he broke in, what he learned during his time with the Patriots, and his memories of the Oregon State team that Colin covered while broadcasting in Portland.Peter King– Founder and Editor-In-Chief of the MMQB joins the show to discuss what’s working with Mike Mularkey and Tennessee, whether he thinks Eli Manning is a Hall of Famer, what he credits for the turnaround in Green Bay, and what he makes of Jerry Jones’ comments that he was intentionally trying to cause a quarterback controversy.Michael Lombardi – Former NFL GM and Fox Sports NFL Insider is in-studio to explain why Houston may have saved their season by benching Brock Osweiler, whether he’s finally ready to buy into the Giants and their Cheesecake Factory menu playcall sheet, and how he would have handled the Joe Mixon domestic violence situation if he was at Oklahoma.Cris Carter –  FS1 NFL Analyst is in-studio to discuss if he agreed with the Eagles decision to go for 2 and the win in Baltimore, how long it would take him to figure out a quarterback couldn’t play, which of his quarterbacks threw the prettiest ball, and why he disagrees with NFL draft prospects skipping any bowl games.Joel Klatt – FS1 College Football Analyst is in-studio to give his reaction to the Joe Mixon domestic violence video, explain why it’s okay for draft prospects to skip their bowl games, and the hypocrisy of criticizing players for sitting when coaches move from school to school without consequence. Last night, Dak Prescott was 32 of 36, and carved up the Bucs defense to move Dallas to 12-2. Colin says it’s officially the end of the Tony Romo era in Dallas, and Jerry Jones needs to start figuring out the exit strategy.Jones, himself, stirred some of the controversy in the press, when he insinuated that there may be a point where he could pull Prescott in favor of Romo. Prescott had a couple of bad games, but Colin believes there’s nothing at this point that should keep him from starting, other than an injury.“You can have no other thought when you watch the Cowboys last night, other than ‘What can we get for Tony Romo?’”center_img The Giants pounded Detroit yesterday at MetLife, which has quickly become an imposing venue for visiting teams. Colin hasn’t been able to figure out New York all season. On the surface, they looked like a smoke and mirrors show, but, they’re 10-4, have beaten the Cowboys twice. Colin’s finally figured them out. They’re last year’s Denver Broncos, and a legitimate contender come playoff time.GM Jerry Reese hit a bunch of home runs in free agency on defense, similar to the blueprint John Elway used in Denver. Over the last 9 games, the Giants defense is playing like last year’s Bronco D, and they get enough big plays from Odell Beckham to win close games.“In the last 9 games, New York’s defense is Denver’s from last year. And if Peyton can win with that defense, Eli can’t?”last_img read more


first_imgCompany: Mezmeriz Inc.Founders: Brad Treat and Shahyaan DesaiGadget: A projector small enough to embed into a mobile phoneLaunched: November 2006An example image of the technology behind Mezmeriz Inc.’s projector for mobile devices.Image courtesy of the company.While working on his master’s degree in material science at Cornell University, Shahyaan Desai wondered how people might be able to project high-resolution images from small devices such as mobile phones. Desai, now 34, teamed up with Brad Treat, Cornell’s entrepreneur-in-residence, to find a solution.The result is Ithaca, N.Y.-based Mezmeriz Inc., which hopes to develop a projector small enough to embed into a mobile phone. The project is still in the prototype phase, but Treat says the goal is a device that can project full-color pictures and videos onto any surface. The projected image is expected to be about the size of a tablet computer.”Mezmeriz’s patented mirrors rapidly scan laser beams thousands of times a second to create a full-color video image,” explains Treat, who is 40. “This can be embedded into any smartphone, tablet or other computer device.” On-the-go business owners who often need to show colleagues and clients information and images from mobile devices might find Mezmeriz’s projector useful, if it eventually comes to market. LAS VEGAS — Ultra-thin laptops? Check. Blazing fast smartphones? Check. While the International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) always has been a showcase of the best and latest in innovation and creativity among big-name electronics companies, this year’s event is highlighting startups, as well.For the first time in the event’s 44-year history, CES has created an exhibit space specifically for tech entrepreneurs. Eureka Park TechZone, which spans more than 9,000 square feet at The Venetian hotel, will introduce attendees to a stunning collection of new tools and the budding tech entrepreneurs who hope to bring their products and services to market.We’ve scoured the Eureka Park exhibit space to see what’s coming from tech entrepreneurs this year. Here’s a look at three of the most interesting startups and the wild products they’re developing.Company: KogetoFounders: Jeff Glasse and David SosnowGadget: Dot, a 360-degree camera for mobile devicesLaunched: June 2010Kogeto’s Dot, a 360-degree camera for mobile devices.Instead of creating a standard video with your mobile phone, imagine capturing a 360-degree video of your surroundings. A New York City startup called Kogeto is one startup that’s making it a reality.Kogeto has developed Dot, an attachment that snaps onto an Apple iPhone 4 or 4S. The device adds a panoramic, high-resolution camera to the phone’s existing lens, as well as twin microphones to capture audio. Unlike other panoramic add-ons for mobile phones, Dot comes with Kogeto’s free Looker app and Dotspots web service, which allow users to share videos on Twitter and Facebook, and over email in real time.Kogeto co-founders David Sosnow (left) and Jeff Glasse (right).Images courtesy of the company.”We’ve seen extreme sports [videos created with Dot] … real estate brokers showing properties and families sharing Thanksgiving dinner with a faraway relative,” says Glasse, who is 41.After unveiling Dot at a technology conference last summer, Glasse says he and Sosnow were invited to present it to Apple executives, who liked what they saw. Starting this month, Dot — which retails online for $79 — will be sold in Apple’s U.S. stores.”Having your product available in Apple stores is like being an artist whose work is selected to be exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art,” Glasse says. Kogeto’s 11-person team also plans to sell an Android-compatible Dot later this year, he says.Related: CES 2012: Go Green With These Money-Saving Gadgets  5 min read Company: Innovega Inc.Founders: Randall Sprague and Steve WilleyGadget: Augmented reality displays integrated into contact lensesLaunched: June 2007When the thought of “electronic vision” comes to mind, you might picture some amalgamation of popular sci-fi flicks such as The Terminator, The Matrix or Total Recall, with test subjects wearing cumbersome, Robocop-style headgear. But one tech startup is looking to take the experience beyond clunky equipment.Example images of the technology behind Innovega Inc.’s augmented reality displays.Image courtesy of the company.The founders of Innovega Inc. — headquartered northeast of Seattle in Hansville, Wash. — have developed augmented reality displays that are integrated into contact lenses Those images can be seen when the user is wearing glasses with special lenses.”Images are projected onto the spectacle lenses in the glasses, and the contact lenses enable the wearer to focus clearly on the images,” explains co-founder and chief technology officer Randall Sprague, 55. He started Innovega with Steve Wiley, who serves as CEO.”By putting all the imaging optics in the contact lenses … we can get rid of all that bulk and provide images that fill your normal visual space,” he says.Still in the development process, the Innovega team is seeking partners for manufacturing and distribution. It anticipates launching its first U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved product by 2013. The mass-market applications for this technology can include video gaming as well as 3-D movie viewing, Sprague says.Related: CES 2012: A Preview for Small Business How Success Happenscenter_img Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. Listen Now January 12, 2012last_img read more


first_img This story appears in the March 2012 issue of . Subscribe » Acceptance of quick-response (QR) codes–those square bar codes that connect consumers to a website, video or special offer–is increasing at a rapid clip. Digital market research firm comScore found that roughly 20.1 million people scanned QR codes with their phones in a three-month average period ending October 2011, vs. 14 million in June 2011. As the technology grows more popular–and websites such as Delivr.com, qrcode.kaywa.com and QRStuff.com make it easy for even small-business owners to get onboard by generating QR codes for free–placement and functionality of the technology is getting more creative. Here’s how a few ‘treps are putting them to use.Scans into leadsWhen WebiMax, a Mount Laurel, N.J.-based search engine optimization firm, placed its first QR code on a banner at the 2011 Search Marketing Expo in New York, company founder Ken Wisnefski was impressed that it was scanned by 250 people. That led him to refine his QR strategy to track people who arrived at the company’s website via seminars, trade shows or marketing materials. WebiMax has also embedded its e-mail within the code, so scanners can immediately contact the sales department.QR-logo mashupWith the release of each new book, LJS&S Publishing in Orlando, Fla., plants QR codes on posters, mugs, yo-yos and T-shirts to help market the work. For the company’s new science-fiction thriller The Immune by Doc Lucky Meisenheimer, the company went one step further and inserted an image adapted from the book’s cover into the center of the QR code. The code became both a graphic illustration and a working link to the book’s website.Bumper stickersMike Podlesny of Burlington, N.J., experimented with a QR code on a bumper sticker to promote his gardening business, Mike the Gardener Enterprises. The code links to his “Seeds of the Month” YouTube video. Podlesny offered the free sticker to fans on his Facebook page–4,000 requests and counting–and the video has since notched 1,200 views.One-stop connectionGina Freize, founder of Venissimo Cheese, which has four Southern California locations, uses QR codes as a way for people to quickly subscribe to the company’s Facebook page, online newsletter and to each individual store’s Twitter feed. Freize says the codes brought approximately 100 new contacts and subscribers to her customer database within six months. Register Now » 2 min read Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals March 13, 2012 Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right.last_img read more